Selected Comparison Groups

Comparison Group 3: NSSE 2017 & 2018

NSSE 2017 & 2018 (N=943)
2017 participating institutions (if any) are designated by an asterisk
ASU Online (Scottsdale, AZ)*
Abilene Christian University (Abilene, TX)*
Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College (Tifton, GA)*
Adams State University (Alamosa, CO)*
Adelphi University (Garden City, NY)*
Adrian College (Adrian, MI)*
AdventHealth University (Orlando, FL)*
Alabama A&M University (Normal, AL)*
Albany College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences (Albany, NY)*
Albany State University (Albany, GA)*
Albertus Magnus College (New Haven, CT)*
Albion College (Albion, MI)*
Alfred University (Alfred, NY)*
Allegheny College (Meadville, PA)*
Alma College (Alma, MI)*
American InterContinental University-Online (Schaumburg, IL)*
American University (Washington, DC)
Anderson University (Anderson, SC)*
Anderson University (Anderson, IN)*
Angelo State University (San Angelo, TX)*
Anna Maria College (Paxton, MA)*
Appalachian State University (Boone, NC)*
Aquinas College (Grand Rapids, MI)*
Arizona Christian University (Phoenix, AZ)*
Arkansas Tech University (Russellville, AR)*
Armstrong State University (Savannah, GA)*
ArtCenter College of Design (Pasadena, CA)*
Ashford University (San Diego, CA)*
Ashland University (Ashland, OH)
Auburn University (Auburn University, AL)*
Auburn University at Montgomery (Montgomery, AL)*
Augsburg University (Minneapolis, MN)*
Augusta University (Augusta, GA)*
Augustana University (Sioux Falls, SD)*
Austin College (Sherman, TX)*
Austin Peay State University (Clarksville, TN)*
Averett University (Danville, VA)*
Avila University (Kansas City, MO)*
Azusa Pacific University (Azusa, CA)*
Bacone College (Muskogee, OK)
Baldwin Wallace University (Berea, OH)*
Ball State University (Muncie, IN)*
Bard College (Annandale-On-Hudson, NY)*
Barry University (Miami, FL)*
Barton College (Wilson, NC)*
Bay Path University (Longmeadow, MA)*
Becker College (Worcester, MA)*
Bellarmine University (Louisville, KY)
Bellevue University (Bellevue, NE)*
Belmont University (Nashville, TN)*
Beloit College (Beloit, WI)*
Bemidji State University (Bemidji, MN)*
Benedictine College (Atchison, KS)*
Benedictine University (Lisle, IL)*
Bennett College (Greensboro, NC)*
Bentley University (Waltham, MA)*
Berkeley College (New York, NY)*
Bethany College (Lindsborg, KS)*
Bethany College (Bethany, WV)*
Bethany Lutheran College (Mankato, MN)*
Bethel University (Saint Paul, MN)*
Bethune-Cookman University (Daytona Beach, FL)*
Binghamton University (State University of New York) (Vestal, NY)*
Biola University (La Mirada, CA)
Black Hills State University (Spearfish, SD)*
Bloomfield College (Bloomfield, NJ)*
Bloomsburg University of Pennsylvania (Bloomsburg, PA)*
Bluefield University (Bluefield, VA)*
Boise State University (Boise, ID)*
Boston University (Boston, MA)*
Bowie State University (Bowie, MD)*
Bowling Green State University (Bowling Green, OH)*
Bradley University (Peoria, IL)*
Brenau University (Gainesville, GA)*
Brescia University (Owensboro, KY)*
Briar Cliff University (Sioux City, IA)*
Bridgewater College (Bridgewater, VA)*
Bridgewater State University (Bridgewater, MA)*
Brigham Young University (Provo, UT)*
Brigham Young University-Idaho (Rexburg, ID)*
Bryn Athyn College of the New Church (Bryn Athyn, PA)*
Bucknell University (Lewisburg, PA)*
Butler University (Indianapolis, IN)*
CUNY Bernard M Baruch College (New York, NY)*
CUNY John Jay College of Criminal Justice (New York, NY)*
CUNY Medgar Evers College (Brooklyn, NY)*
Cabrini University (Radnor, PA)*
Caldwell University (Caldwell, NJ)*
California Baptist University (Riverside, CA)*
California College of the Arts (San Francisco, CA)*
California Lutheran University (Thousand Oaks, CA)*
California Polytechnic State University-San Luis Obispo (San Luis Obispo, CA)*
California State Polytechnic University-Pomona (Pomona, CA)*
California State University Maritime Academy (Vallejo, CA)*
California State University San Marcos (San Marcos, CA)*
California State University, Chico (Chico, CA)*
California State University, East Bay (Hayward, CA)*
California State University, Fresno (Fresno, CA)*
California State University, Fullerton (Fullerton, CA)*
California State University, Los Angeles (Los Angeles, CA)*
California State University, Monterey Bay (Seaside, CA)*
California State University, Northridge (Northridge, CA)*
California State University, Sacramento (Sacramento, CA)*
California State University, San Bernardino (San Bernardino, CA)*
California State University-Bakersfield (Bakersfield, CA)*
California State University-Channel Islands (Camarillo, CA)*
California State University-Dominguez Hills (Carson, CA)*
California State University-Long Beach (Long Beach, CA)*
California State University-Stanislaus (Turlock, CA)*
California University of Pennsylvania (California, PA)*
Campbell University Inc. (Buies Creek, NC)*
Campbellsville University (Campbellsville, KY)*
Capella University (Minneapolis, MN)*
Capital University (Columbus, OH)*
Carroll University (Waukesha, WI)*
Carthage College (Kenosha, WI)*
Case Western Reserve University (Cleveland, OH)*
Catawba College (Salisbury, NC)*
Cedar Crest College (Allentown, PA)*
Cedarville University (Cedarville, OH)*
Centenary College of Louisiana (Shreveport, LA)*
Centenary University (Hackettstown, NJ)*
Central Christian College of Kansas (McPherson, KS)*
Central Connecticut State University (New Britain, CT)*
Central Methodist University (Fayette, MO)*
Central Michigan University (Mount Pleasant, MI)*
Central Washington University (Ellensburg, WA)
Centre College (Danville, KY)*
Chadron State College (Chadron, NE)*
Chaminade University of Honolulu (Honolulu, HI)*
Champlain College (Burlington, VT)*
Chapman University (Orange, CA)*
Charleston Southern University (Charleston, SC)*
Chatham University (Pittsburgh, PA)*
Chestnut Hill College (Philadelphia, PA)*
Cheyney University of Pennsylvania (Cheyney, PA)*
Chicago State University (Chicago, IL)*
Chowan University (Murfreesboro, NC)*
Christian Brothers University (Memphis, TN)*
Christopher Newport University (Newport News, VA)*
Claremont McKenna College (Claremont, CA)*
Clarion University of Pennsylvania (Clarion, PA)*
Clark Atlanta University (Atlanta, GA)
Clark University (Worcester, MA)*
Clarke University (Dubuque, IA)*
Clayton State University (Morrow, GA)*
Clemson University (Clemson, SC)*
Cleveland State University (Cleveland, OH)*
Coastal Carolina University (Conway, SC)*
Coker University (Hartsville, SC)*
Colby College (Waterville, ME)*
Colgate University (Hamilton, NY)*
College of Coastal Georgia (Brunswick, GA)*
College of Mount Saint Vincent (Bronx, NY)*
College of Our Lady of the Elms (Chicopee, MA)*
College of Saint Elizabeth (Morristown, NJ)*
College of Saint Mary (Omaha, NE)*
College of the Atlantic (Bar Harbor, ME)*
College of the Holy Cross (Worcester, MA)*
Colorado State University Pueblo (Pueblo, CO)*
Colorado Technical University (Colorado Springs, CO)*
Columbia College (Columbia, MO)*
Columbia International University (Columbia, SC)*
Columbus State University (Columbus, GA)*
Concordia College New York (Bronxville, NY)*
Concordia College at Moorhead (Moorhead, MN)*
Concordia University (Portland, OR)*
Concordia University Chicago (River Forest, IL)*
Concordia University Irvine (Irvine, CA)*
Concordia University Nebraska (Seward, NE)*
Concordia University Texas (Austin, TX)*
Connecticut College (New London, CT)*
Converse College (Spartanburg, SC)*
Coppin State University (Baltimore, MD)*
Corban University (Salem, OR)*
Cornell College (Mount Vernon, IA)*
Cornerstone University (Grand Rapids, MI)*
Covenant College (Lookout Mountain, GA)*
Crown College (Saint Bonifacius, MN)*
Culver-Stockton College (Canton, MO)*
Cumberland University (Lebanon, TN)*
Curry College (Milton, MA)*
D'Youville University (Buffalo, NY)*
Dakota State University (Madison, SD)*
Dakota Wesleyan University (Mitchell, SD)*
Dalton State College (Dalton, GA)*
Davis & Elkins College (Elkins, WV)*
DePaul University (Chicago, IL)*
DePauw University (Greencastle, IN)*
DeSales University (Center Valley, PA)*
Dean College (Franklin, MA)*
Defiance College (Defiance, OH)*
Delaware State University (Dover, DE)*
Delta State University (Cleveland, MS)
Denison University (Granville, OH)*
Dickinson State University (Dickinson, ND)*
Dillard University (New Orleans, LA)
Doane University (Crete, NE)*
Dominican College of Blauvelt (Orangeburg, NY)*
Drew University (Madison, NJ)*
Drury University (Springfield, MO)*
Earlham College (Richmond, IN)
East Carolina University (Greenville, NC)*
East Central University (Ada, OK)*
East Stroudsburg University of Pennsylvania (East Stroudsburg, PA)*
Eastern Connecticut State University (Willimantic, CT)*
Eastern Illinois University (Charleston, IL)*
Eastern Mennonite University (Harrisonburg, VA)*
Eastern New Mexico University (Portales, NM)*
Eastern Oregon University (La Grande, OR)*
Eastern University (Saint Davids, PA)*
Eastern Washington University (Cheney, WA)*
Eckerd College (Saint Petersburg, FL)*
Edinboro University of Pennsylvania (Edinboro, PA)*
Edward Waters College (Jacksonville, FL)
Elizabeth City State University (Elizabeth City, NC)*
Elizabethtown College (Elizabethtown, PA)*
Elmhurst University (Elmhurst, IL)*
Embry Riddle Aeronautical University-Worldwide (Daytona Beach, FL)*
Emerson College (Boston, MA)*
Emmanuel College (Boston, MA)*
Emory and Henry College (Emory, VA)*
Emporia State University (Emporia, KS)*
Eureka College (Eureka, IL)*
Fairfield University (Fairfield, CT)*
Farmingdale State College (Farmingdale, NY)*
Fashion Institute of Technology (New York, NY)*
Faulkner University (Montgomery, AL)
Fayetteville State University (Fayetteville, NC)*
Felician University (Lodi, NJ)*
Ferris State University (Grand Rapids, MI)*
Finlandia University (Hancock, MI)
Fisk University (Nashville, TN)*
Fitchburg State University (Fitchburg, MA)*
Five Towns College (Dix Hills, NY)*
Flagler College (Saint Augustine, FL)*
Florida A&M University (Tallahassee, FL)*
Florida Atlantic University (Boca Raton, FL)*
Florida Gulf Coast University (Fort Myers, FL)*
Florida Institute of Technology (Melbourne, FL)*
Florida International University (Miami, FL)*
Florida Memorial University (Miami Gardens, FL)*
Florida Southern College (Lakeland, FL)*
Florida State University (Tallahassee, FL)*
Fontbonne University (Saint Louis, MO)*
Fort Hays State University (Hays, KS)*
Fort Valley State University (Fort Valley, GA)*
Framingham State University (Framingham, MA)*
Francis Marion University (Florence, SC)*
Franciscan Missionaries of Our Lady University (Baton Rouge, LA)*
Franklin College (Franklin, IN)*
Franklin Pierce University (Rindge, NH)*
Franklin University (Columbus, OH)*
Franklin and Marshall College (Lancaster, PA)
Freed-Hardeman University (Henderson, TN)*
Friends University (Wichita, KS)*
Furman University (Greenville, SC)*
Gallaudet University (Washington, DC)*
Gannon University (Erie, PA)*
Geneva College (Beaver Falls, PA)*
George Fox University (Newberg, OR)*
George Mason University (Fairfax, VA)*
George Washington University (Washington, DC)
Georgia College & State University (Milledgeville, GA)*
Georgia Gwinnett College (Lawrenceville, GA)*
Georgia Institute of Technology (Atlanta, GA)*
Georgia Southern University (Statesboro, GA)*
Georgia Southwestern State University (Americus, GA)*
Georgia State University (Atlanta, GA)*
Georgian Court University (Lakewood, NJ)*
Gettysburg College (Gettysburg, PA)*
Goldey-Beacom College (Wilmington, DE)*
Goodwin College (East Hartford, CT)
Gordon State College (Barnesville, GA)*
Goshen College (Goshen, IN)*
Goucher College (Baltimore, MD)*
Governors State University (University Park, IL)*
Grace College and Theological Seminary (Winona Lake, IN)*
Graceland University-Lamoni (Lamoni, IA)*
Grambling State University (Grambling, LA)*
Grand Canyon University (Phoenix, AZ)*
Greensboro College (Greensboro, NC)*
Greenville University (Greenville, IL)*
Grinnell College (Grinnell, IA)*
Grove City College (Grove City, PA)
Gwynedd Mercy University (Gwynedd Valley, PA)*
Hamilton College (Clinton, NY)*
Hamline University (Saint Paul, MN)*
Hampden-Sydney College (Hampden-Sydney, VA)*
Hanover College (Hanover, IN)*
Hardin-Simmons University (Abilene, TX)*
Harrisburg University of Science and Technology (Harrisburg, PA)*
Harvey Mudd College (Claremont, CA)*
Hastings College (Hastings, NE)*
Henderson State University (Arkadelphia, AR)*
Hendrix College (Conway, AR)*
High Point University (High Point, NC)*
Hiram College (Hiram, OH)*
Hobart and William Smith Colleges (Geneva, NY)
Hofstra University (Hempstead, NY)*
Hollins University (Roanoke, VA)*
Holy Cross College, Notre Dame, IN (Notre Dame, IN)*
Hope College (Holland, MI)*
Hope International University (Fullerton, CA)*
Houghton College (Houghton, NY)*
Houston Baptist University (Houston, TX)*
Howard University (Washington, DC)*
Humboldt State University (Arcata, CA)*
Husson University (Bangor, ME)
Huston-Tillotson University (Austin, TX)*
Illinois College (Jacksonville, IL)*
Immaculata University (Immaculata, PA)*
Indiana Institute of Technology (Fort Wayne, IN)*
Indiana University Bloomington (Bloomington, IN)*
Indiana University East (Richmond, IN)*
Indiana University Kokomo (Kokomo, IN)*
Indiana University Northwest (Gary, IN)*
Indiana University South Bend (South Bend, IN)*
Indiana University Southeast (New Albany, IN)*
Indiana University of Pennsylvania (Indiana, PA)*
Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis (Indianapolis, IN)*
Inter American University of Puerto Rico-Metro Campus (San Juan, PR)*
Iowa Wesleyan College (Mount Pleasant, IA)*
Jackson State University (Jackson, MS)*
Jacksonville State University (Jacksonville, AL)*
Jacksonville University (Jacksonville, FL)
James Madison University (Harrisonburg, VA)*
Jefferson (Philadelphia University & Thomas Jefferson University) (Philadelphia, PA)
John Brown University (Siloam Springs, AR)*
John Carroll University (University Heights, OH)*
Johnson University (Knoxville, TN)*
Judson College (Marion, AL)*
Juniata College (Huntingdon, PA)*
Kansas Wesleyan University (Salina, KS)*
Kennesaw State University (Kennesaw, GA)*
Kent State University (Kent, OH)*
Kent State University at Stark (Canton, OH)*
Kentucky State University (Frankfort, KY)*
Kentucky Wesleyan College (Owensboro, KY)*
Kenyon College (Gambier, OH)*
Kettering University (Flint, MI)*
Keuka College (Keuka Park, NY)*
Keystone College (La Plume, PA)*
King's College (Wilkes-Barre, PA)*
Knox College (Galesburg, IL)*
Kutztown University of Pennsylvania (Kutztown, PA)*
LIM College (New York, NY)*
La Salle University (Philadelphia, PA)*
La Sierra University (Riverside, CA)*
LaGrange College (Lagrange, GA)*
Lafayette College (Easton, PA)
Lake Erie College (Painesville, OH)
Lake Forest College (Lake Forest, IL)*
Lamar University (Beaumont, TX)*
Langston University (Langston, OK)*
Lasell University (Newton, MA)*
Lawrence Technological University (Southfield, MI)*
Le Moyne College (Syracuse, NY)*
Lee University (Cleveland, TN)*
Lehigh University (Bethlehem, PA)*
Lenoir-Rhyne University (Hickory, NC)*
Lesley University (Cambridge, MA)*
Lewis & Clark College (Portland, OR)*
Lewis University (Romeoville, IL)*
Lewis-Clark State College (Lewiston, ID)*
Limestone College (Gaffney, SC)*
Lincoln College (Lincoln, IL)*
Lincoln Memorial University (Harrogate, TN)*
Lincoln University (Lincoln University, PA)*
Lincoln University (Jefferson City, MO)*
Lindenwood University (Saint Charles, MO)*
Lindsey Wilson College (Columbia, KY)*
Linfield College - McMinnville Campus (McMinnville, OR)*
Linfield College-Portland Campus (Portland, OR)*
Lipscomb University (Nashville, TN)*
Lock Haven University (Lock Haven, PA)*
Longwood University (Farmville, VA)*
Loras College (Dubuque, IA)*
Louisiana State University and Agricultural & Mechanical College (Baton Rouge, LA)*
Louisiana State University at Alexandria (Alexandria, LA)
Louisiana State University-Shreveport (Shreveport, LA)*
Lourdes University (Sylvania, OH)
Loyola Marymount University (Los Angeles, CA)*
Loyola University Chicago (Chicago, IL)*
Loyola University Maryland (Baltimore, MD)
Loyola University New Orleans (New Orleans, LA)*
Lubbock Christian University (Lubbock, TX)*
Luther College (Decorah, IA)*
Lycoming College (Williamsport, PA)*
Lynn University (Boca Raton, FL)
Lyon College (Batesville, AR)*
MacMurray College (Jacksonville, IL)*
Macalester College (Saint Paul, MN)*
Madonna University (Livonia, MI)*
Malone University (Canton, OH)*
Manchester University (North Manchester, IN)*
Manhattan College (Bronx, NY)*
Manhattanville College (Purchase, NY)*
Mansfield University of Pennsylvania (Mansfield, PA)*
Maranatha Baptist University (Watertown, WI)*
Marian University (Fond Du Lac, WI)
Marian University (Indianapolis, IN)*
Marietta College (Marietta, OH)*
Marist College (Poughkeepsie, NY)
Mars Hill University (Mars Hill, NC)*
Marshall University (Huntington, WV)*
Martin Luther College (New Ulm, MN)*
Mary Baldwin University (Staunton, VA)*
Maryland Institute College of Art (Baltimore, MD)*
Marymount California University (Rancho Palos Verdes, CA)*
Marymount Manhattan College (New York, NY)*
Marymount University (Arlington, VA)*
Massachusetts College of Art and Design (Boston, MA)*
Massachusetts College of Liberal Arts (North Adams, MA)*
Mayville State University (Mayville, ND)*
McKendree University (Lebanon, IL)*
McMurry University (Abilene, TX)*
McNeese State University (Lake Charles, LA)*
McPherson College (McPherson, KS)*
Medaille College (Buffalo, NY)*
Menlo College (Atherton, CA)*
Mercy College (Dobbs Ferry, NY)*
Meredith College (Raleigh, NC)*
Messiah University (Mechanicsburg, PA)*
Methodist College (Peoria, IL)*
Metropolitan State University (Saint Paul, MN)*
Metropolitan State University of Denver (Denver, CO)*
Miami University-Hamilton (Hamilton, OH)*
Miami University-Middletown (Middletown, OH)*
Miami University-Oxford (Oxford, OH)*
Michigan Technological University (Houghton, MI)
Middle Georgia State University (Macon, GA)*
Midland University (Fremont, NE)*
Midway University (Midway, KY)*
Midwestern State University (Wichita Falls, TX)*
Millersville University of Pennsylvania (Millersville, PA)*
Milligan College (Milligan College, TN)*
Millikin University (Decatur, IL)
Mills College (Oakland, CA)*
Millsaps College (Jackson, MS)*
Milwaukee School of Engineering (Milwaukee, WI)*
Minnesota State University Moorhead (Moorhead, MN)*
Minnesota State University, Mankato (Mankato, MN)*
Misericordia University (Dallas, PA)*
Mississippi State University (Mississippi State, MS)*
Mississippi University for Women (Columbus, MS)*
Missouri Valley College (Marshall, MO)*
Molloy College (Rockville Centre, NY)
Monmouth College (Monmouth, IL)*
Monmouth University (West Long Branch, NJ)*
Montana Technological University (Butte, MT)*
Montclair State University (Montclair, NJ)*
Moore College of Art and Design (Philadelphia, PA)
Moravian College (Bethlehem, PA)*
Morehead State University (Morehead, KY)*
Morgan State University (Baltimore, MD)*
Morningside College (Sioux City, IA)
Morrisville State College (Morrisville, NY)*
Mount Ida College (Newton, MA)*
Mount Mercy University (Cedar Rapids, IA)*
Mount Saint Mary College (Newburgh, NY)*
Mount St. Joseph University (Cincinnati, OH)*
Mount Vernon Nazarene University (Mount Vernon, OH)*
Muhlenberg College (Allentown, PA)*
Murray State University (Murray, KY)
Muskingum University (New Concord, OH)*
Naropa University (Boulder, CO)*
National University (La Jolla, CA)*
Nebraska Wesleyan University (Lincoln, NE)*
Nevada State College (Henderson, NV)*
New College of Florida (Sarasota, FL)*
New England College (Henniker, NH)*
New Hampshire Institute of Art (Manchester, NH)*
New Jersey City University (Jersey City, NJ)*
New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology (Socorro, NM)*
New Mexico State University (Las Cruces, NM)*
New York Institute of Technology (Old Westbury, NY)*
New York University (New York, NY)
Newbury College-Brookline (Brookline, MA)*
Newman University (Wichita, KS)*
Niagara University (Niagara University, NY)*
Nicholls State University (Thibodaux, LA)*
Nichols College (Dudley, MA)*
Norfolk State University (Norfolk, VA)*
North Carolina Agricultural & Technical State University (Greensboro, NC)*
North Carolina Central University (Durham, NC)*
North Carolina State University (Raleigh, NC)*
North Central College (Naperville, IL)*
North Central University (Minneapolis, MN)*
North Park University (Chicago, IL)*
Northeastern Illinois University (Chicago, IL)*
Northeastern State University (Tahlequah, OK)*
Northeastern University (Boston, MA)*
Northern Arizona University (Flagstaff, AZ)*
Northern Illinois University (Dekalb, IL)
Northern Kentucky University (Highland Heights, KY)*
Northern Michigan University (Marquette, MI)*
Northern State University (Aberdeen, SD)*
Northland College (Ashland, WI)*
Northwest Missouri State University (Maryville, MO)*
Northwest Nazarene University (Nampa, ID)*
Northwest University (Kirkland, WA)*
Northwestern Oklahoma State University (Alva, OK)*
Nova Southeastern University (Fort Lauderdale, FL)*
Oakland University (Rochester Hills, MI)*
Occidental College (Los Angeles, CA)*
Oglala Lakota College (Kyle, SD)*
Oglethorpe University (Atlanta, GA)*
Ohio Northern University (Ada, OH)*
Ohio University (Athens, OH)*
Ohio Valley University (Vienna, WV)*
Oklahoma Christian University (Edmond, OK)*
Oklahoma City University (Oklahoma City, OK)
Oklahoma State University (Stillwater, OK)
Old Dominion University (Norfolk, VA)*
Olin College of Engineering (Needham, MA)*
Olivet College (Olivet, MI)*
Olivet Nazarene University (Bourbonnais, IL)*
Oregon Institute of Technology (Klamath Falls, OR)*
Ottawa University (Ottawa, KS)*
Otterbein University (Westerville, OH)*
Our Lady of the Lake University (San Antonio, TX)*
Pace University (New York, NY)*
Pacific Lutheran University (Tacoma, WA)*
Pacific University (Forest Grove, OR)*
Palm Beach Atlantic University-West Palm Beach (West Palm Beach, FL)*
Paul Smith's College (Paul Smiths, NY)*
Pennsylvania College of Technology (Williamsport, PA)*
Pepperdine University (Malibu, CA)*
Pfeiffer University (Misenheimer, NC)*
Pittsburg State University (Pittsburg, KS)*
Pitzer College (Claremont, CA)*
Plymouth State University (Plymouth, NH)*
Point Loma Nazarene University (San Diego, CA)*
Point Park University (Pittsburgh, PA)*
Prairie View A&M University (Prairie View, TX)*
Pratt Institute (Brooklyn, NY)*
Presbyterian College (Clinton, SC)*
Prescott College (Prescott, AZ)*
Providence College (Providence, RI)*
Purchase College, SUNY (Purchase, NY)*
Purdue University Global (Davenport, IA)*
Purdue University Northwest (Westville, IN)*
Queens University of Charlotte (Charlotte, NC)*
Quincy University (Quincy, IL)*
Quinnipiac University (Hamden, CT)
Radford University (Radford, VA)*
Ramapo College of New Jersey (Mahwah, NJ)*
Randolph College (Lynchburg, VA)*
Randolph-Macon College (Ashland, VA)*
Regent University (Virginia Beach, VA)*
Regis University (Denver, CO)*
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (Troy, NY)*
Rhode Island College (Providence, RI)*
Rhode Island School of Design (Providence, RI)*
Rhodes College (Memphis, TN)*
Rider University (Lawrenceville, NJ)*
Ringling College of Art and Design (Sarasota, FL)*
Ripon College (Ripon, WI)*
Roanoke College (Salem, VA)*
Robert Morris University (Moon Township, PA)
Roberts Wesleyan College (Rochester, NY)*
Rochester Institute of Technology (Rochester, NY)*
Rochester University (Rochester Hills, MI)*
Rockford University (Rockford, IL)*
Rockhurst University (Kansas City, MO)*
Rocky Mountain College (Billings, MT)*
Roger Williams University (Bristol, RI)*
Rogers State University (Claremore, OK)*
Rollins College (Winter Park, FL)*
Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology (Terre Haute, IN)*
Rosemont College (Rosemont, PA)*
Rutgers University-Camden (Camden, NJ)*
Rutgers University-Newark (Newark, NJ)*
SUNY College at Old Westbury (Old Westbury, NY)*
SUNY College at Oneonta (Oneonta, NY)*
SUNY College at Oswego (Oswego, NY)*
SUNY College at Plattsburgh (Plattsburgh, NY)*
SUNY College of Agriculture and Technology at Cobleskill (Cobleskill, NY)*
SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry (Syracuse, NY)*
SUNY College of Technology at Alfred (Alfred, NY)*
SUNY College of Technology at Canton (Canton, NY)*
SUNY College of Technology at Delhi (Delhi, NY)*
SUNY Cortland (Cortland, NY)*
SUNY Empire State College (Saratoga Springs, NY)*
SUNY Maritime College (Bronx, NY)*
SUNY Polytechnic Institute (Utica, NY)*
SUNY-Buffalo State College (Buffalo, NY)*
Sacred Heart University (Fairfield, CT)*
Saginaw Valley State University (University Center, MI)*
Saint Andrews University (Laurinburg, NC)*
Saint Anselm College (Manchester, NH)*
Saint Francis Medical Center College of Nursing (Peoria, IL)*
Saint Joseph's College (Standish, ME)*
Saint Joseph's University (Philadelphia, PA)*
Saint Louis University (Saint Louis, MO)*
Saint Martin's University (Lacey, WA)*
Saint Mary's College of California (Moraga, CA)*
Saint Michael's College (Colchester, VT)*
Saint Vincent College (Latrobe, PA)*
Saint Xavier University (Chicago, IL)*
Salve Regina University (Newport, RI)*
Samford University (Birmingham, AL)*
San Francisco State University (San Francisco, CA)*
San Jose State University (San Jose, CA)*
Santa Clara University (Santa Clara, CA)*
Savannah College of Art and Design (Savannah, GA)*
Savannah State University (Savannah, GA)*
School of the Art Institute of Chicago (Chicago, IL)*
Schreiner University (Kerrville, TX)
Scripps College (Claremont, CA)
Seattle University (Seattle, WA)*
Seton Hall University (South Orange, NJ)*
Shaw University (Raleigh, NC)*
Shawnee State University (Portsmouth, OH)*
Shenandoah University (Winchester, VA)*
Shippensburg University of Pennsylvania (Shippensburg, PA)*
Siena College (Loudonville, NY)*
Siena Heights University (Adrian, MI)*
Sierra Nevada College (Incline Village, NV)*
Simmons University (Boston, MA)*
Simpson College (Indianola, IA)*
Slippery Rock University of Pennsylvania (Slippery Rock, PA)*
South Dakota State University (Brookings, SD)*
Southeast Missouri State University (Cape Girardeau, MO)*
Southeastern Louisiana University (Hammond, LA)*
Southeastern University (Lakeland, FL)*
Southern Adventist University (Collegedale, TN)*
Southern Arkansas University (Magnolia, AR)*
Southern Connecticut State University (New Haven, CT)*
Southern Illinois University Edwardsville (Edwardsville, IL)*
Southern Nazarene University (Bethany, OK)*
Southern Oregon University (Ashland, OR)*
Southern University and A&M College (Baton Rouge, LA)
Southern University at New Orleans (New Orleans, LA)*
Southern Vermont College (Bennington, VT)*
Southern Virginia University (Buena Vista, VA)*
Southwest Baptist University (Bolivar, MO)*
Southwest Minnesota State University (Marshall, MN)*
Southwestern Adventist University (Keene, TX)*
Southwestern Assemblies of God University (Waxahachie, TX)
Southwestern Christian University (Bethany, OK)*
Southwestern Oklahoma State University (Weatherford, OK)*
Southwestern University (Georgetown, TX)*
Spalding University (Louisville, KY)*
Spring Hill College (Mobile, AL)*
St. Catherine University (Saint Paul, MN)*
St. Cloud State University (Saint Cloud, MN)*
St. Edward's University (Austin, TX)*
St. Francis College (Brooklyn Heights, NY)*
St. Gregory's University (Shawnee, OK)*
St. John Fisher College (Rochester, NY)*
St. John's University-New York (Queens, NY)*
St. Joseph's College - Brooklyn Campus (Brooklyn, NY)*
St. Joseph's College - Long Island Campus (Patchogue, NY)*
St. Lawrence University (Canton, NY)*
St. Olaf College (Northfield, MN)*
State University of New York at Brockport (Brockport, NY)*
State University of New York at Fredonia (Fredonia, NY)*
State University of New York at New Paltz (New Paltz, NY)*
Stephen F. Austin State University (Nacogdoches, TX)*
Stetson University (DeLand, FL)*
Stevens Institute of Technology (Hoboken, NJ)*
Stillman College (Tuscaloosa, AL)*
Stockton University (Galloway, NJ)*
Stonehill College (Easton, MA)*
Stony Brook University (Stony Brook, NY)*
Suffolk University (Boston, MA)*
Susquehanna University (Selinsgrove, PA)*
Sweet Briar College (Sweet Briar, VA)*
Syracuse University (Syracuse, NY)*
Tarleton State University (Stephenville, TX)*
Taylor University (Upland, IN)*
Tennessee State University (Nashville, TN)*
Tennessee Technological University (Cookeville, TN)*
Tennessee Wesleyan University (Athens, TN)*
Texas A&M International University (Laredo, TX)*
Texas A&M University - Corpus Christi (Corpus Christi, TX)*
Texas A&M University - Texarkana (Texarkana, TX)*
Texas A&M University-Central Texas (Killeen, TX)*
Texas A&M University-Commerce (Commerce, TX)*
Texas A&M University-Kingsville (Kingsville, TX)*
Texas A&M University-San Antonio (San Antonio, TX)*
Texas College (Tyler, TX)*
Texas Lutheran University (Seguin, TX)*
Texas Southern University (Houston, TX)
Texas State University (San Marcos, TX)*
Texas Tech University (Lubbock, TX)*
Texas Wesleyan University (Fort Worth, TX)*
Texas Woman's University (Denton, TX)*
The Catholic University of America (Washington, DC)*
The Citadel, The Military College of South Carolina (Charleston, SC)*
The College of Idaho (Caldwell, ID)*
The College of New Jersey (Ewing, NJ)*
The College of Saint Rose (Albany, NY)*
The College of Saint Scholastica (Duluth, MN)*
The College of Wooster (Wooster, OH)*
The Evergreen State College (Olympia, WA)*
The State University of New York at Geneseo (Geneseo, NY)*
The State University of New York at Potsdam (Potsdam, NY)*
The University at Albany, SUNY (Albany, NY)*
The University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ)*
The University of Montana-Western (Dillon, MT)*
The University of New Orleans (New Orleans, LA)*
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (Greensboro, NC)
The University of Tampa (Tampa, FL)*
The University of Tennessee Martin (Martin, TN)*
The University of Tennessee Southern (Pulaski, TN)*
The University of Tennessee at Chattanooga (Chattanooga, TN)*
The University of Texas Permian Basin (Odessa, TX)*
The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley (Edinburg, TX)*
The University of Texas at Arlington (Arlington, TX)*
The University of Texas at Dallas (Richardson, TX)*
The University of Texas at El Paso (El Paso, TX)*
The University of Texas at San Antonio (San Antonio, TX)*
The University of Texas at Tyler (Tyler, TX)*
The University of Toledo (Toledo, OH)*
The University of Virginia's College at Wise (Wise, VA)*
The University of West Florida (Pensacola, FL)*
The University of the South (Sewanee, TN)*
Thiel College (Greenville, PA)*
Thomas College (Waterville, ME)*
Thomas More University (Crestview Hills, KY)*
Tiffin University (Tiffin, OH)*
Touro College (New York, NY)*
Towson University (Towson, MD)*
Trevecca Nazarene University (Nashville, TN)*
Trinity Christian College (Palos Heights, IL)*
Trinity International University (Deerfield, IL)*
Trinity University (San Antonio, TX)*
Troy University (Troy, AL)*
Truman State University (Kirksville, MO)*
Tulane University (New Orleans, LA)*
Tuskegee University (Tuskegee, AL)*
Union College (Schenectady, NY)*
Union College (Barbourville, KY)*
Union College (NE) (Lincoln, NE)*
Union University (Jackson, TN)*
United States Air Force Academy (USAF Academy, CO)*
United States Coast Guard Academy (New London, CT)*
United States Merchant Marine Academy (Kings Point, NY)*
United States Military Academy (West Point, NY)*
United States Naval Academy (Annapolis, MD)*
Universidad Adventista de las Antillas (Mayaguez, PR)*
University at Buffalo, State University of New York (Buffalo, NY)*
University of Alabama at Birmingham (Birmingham, AL)*
University of Arkansas - Fort Smith (Fort Smith, AR)*
University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff (Pine Bluff, AR)*
University of Bridgeport (Bridgeport, CT)
University of California-Merced (Merced, CA)*
University of Central Arkansas (Conway, AR)
University of Central Florida (Orlando, FL)*
University of Central Missouri (Warrensburg, MO)*
University of Central Oklahoma (Edmond, OK)*
University of Charleston (Charleston, WV)*
University of Cincinnati (Cincinnati, OH)*
University of Colorado Boulder (Boulder, CO)*
University of Colorado Colorado Springs (Colorado Springs, CO)*
University of Connecticut (Storrs, CT)
University of Delaware (Newark, DE)*
University of Denver (Denver, CO)*
University of Evansville (Evansville, IN)*
University of Georgia (Athens, GA)*
University of Guam (Mangilao, GU)*
University of Hawaiʻi at Hilo (Hilo, HI)*
University of Houston (Houston, TX)*
University of Houston-Clear Lake (Houston, TX)*
University of Houston-Victoria (Victoria, TX)*
University of Idaho (Moscow, ID)*
University of Illinois Springfield (Springfield, IL)*
University of Illinois at Chicago (Chicago, IL)*
University of Indianapolis (Indianapolis, IN)*
University of Kansas (Lawrence, KS)*
University of Kentucky (Lexington, KY)*
University of La Verne (La Verne, CA)*
University of Louisiana Monroe (Monroe, LA)*
University of Louisiana at Lafayette (Lafayette, LA)*
University of Lynchburg (Lynchburg, VA)*
University of Maine (Orono, ME)*
University of Maine at Augusta (Augusta, ME)*
University of Maine at Farmington (Farmington, ME)*
University of Maine at Fort Kent (Fort Kent, ME)*
University of Maine at Machias (Machias, ME)*
University of Maine at Presque Isle (Presque Isle, ME)*
University of Mary Hardin-Baylor (Belton, TX)*
University of Mary Washington (Fredericksburg, VA)*
University of Maryland-Eastern Shore (Princess Anne, MD)*
University of Massachusetts Amherst (Amherst, MA)*
University of Massachusetts Boston (Boston, MA)*
University of Massachusetts Dartmouth (North Dartmouth, MA)*
University of Miami (Coral Gables, FL)
University of Michigan-Dearborn (Dearborn, MI)*
University of Minnesota Duluth (Duluth, MN)*
University of Minnesota Morris (Morris, MN)*
University of Mississippi (University, MS)*
University of Missouri-St. Louis (Saint Louis, MO)*
University of Mobile (Mobile, AL)*
University of Montevallo (Montevallo, AL)*
University of Mount Olive (Mount Olive, NC)*
University of Nevada-Las Vegas (Las Vegas, NV)*
University of New England (Biddeford, ME)*
University of New Hampshire at Durham (Durham, NH)*
University of New Haven (West Haven, CT)*
University of North Carolina Wilmington (Wilmington, NC)*
University of North Carolina at Asheville (Asheville, NC)
University of North Carolina at Charlotte (Charlotte, NC)*
University of North Carolina at Pembroke (Pembroke, NC)*
University of North Dakota (Grand Forks, ND)*
University of North Florida (Jacksonville, FL)*
University of North Georgia (Dahlonega, GA)*
University of North Texas at Dallas (Dallas, TX)*
University of Northern Iowa (Cedar Falls, IA)*
University of Oregon (Eugene, OR)*
University of Phoenix - Arizona/ONLINE (Tempe, AZ)*
University of Phoenix - California (Costa Mesa, CA)*
University of Phoenix - Colorado (Lone Tree, CO)*
University of Phoenix - Florida (Orlando, FL)*
University of Phoenix - Hawaii (Honolulu, HI)*
University of Pikeville (Pikeville, KY)*
University of Pittsburgh-Bradford (Bradford, PA)*
University of Pittsburgh-Johnstown (Johnstown, PA)*
University of Portland (Portland, OR)*
University of Providence (Great Falls, MT)*
University of Puget Sound (Tacoma, WA)*
University of Redlands (Redlands, CA)
University of Richmond (Richmond, VA)*
University of Saint Francis-Fort Wayne (Fort Wayne, IN)*
University of Saint Joseph (West Hartford, CT)*
University of Saint Mary (Leavenworth, KS)*
University of San Diego (San Diego, CA)*
University of San Francisco (San Francisco, CA)*
University of Scranton (Scranton, PA)*
University of South Alabama (Mobile, AL)
University of South Carolina Aiken (Aiken, SC)*
University of South Carolina Columbia (Columbia, SC)*
University of South Carolina Upstate (Spartanburg, SC)*
University of South Dakota (Vermillion, SD)*
University of South Florida (Tampa, FL)*
University of South Florida-St. Petersburg (St. Petersburg, FL)*
University of Southern Maine (Portland, ME)*
University of St. Thomas (Saint Paul, MN)*
University of St. Thomas (Houston, TX)*
University of Utah (Salt Lake City, UT)*
University of Vermont (Burlington, VT)*
University of Washington Bothell (Bothell, WA)*
University of West Alabama (Livingston, AL)*
University of West Georgia (Carrollton, GA)*
University of Wisconsin Oshkosh (Oshkosh, WI)*
University of Wisconsin--Madison (Madison, WI)*
University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire (Eau Claire, WI)*
University of Wisconsin-Green Bay (Green Bay, WI)*
University of Wisconsin-La Crosse (La Crosse, WI)*
University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee (Milwaukee, WI)*
University of Wisconsin-Parkside (Kenosha, WI)*
University of Wisconsin-Platteville (Platteville, WI)*
University of Wisconsin-River Falls (River Falls, WI)*
University of Wisconsin-Stevens Point (Stevens Point, WI)*
University of Wisconsin-Stout (Menomonie, WI)*
University of Wisconsin-Superior (Superior, WI)*
University of Wisconsin-Whitewater (Whitewater, WI)*
University of Wyoming (Laramie, WY)*
University of the Cumberlands (Williamsburg, KY)*
University of the District of Columbia (Washington, DC)*
University of the Ozarks (Clarksville, AR)*
University of the Sciences (Philadelphia, PA)*
University of the Virgin Islands (Charlotte Amalie, VI)*
Urbana University (Urbana, OH)*
Ursinus College (Collegeville, PA)*
Ursuline College (Pepper Pike, OH)*
Utah Valley University (Orem, UT)*
Utica University (Utica, NY)*
Valdosta State University (Valdosta, GA)*
Valley City State University (Valley City, ND)*
Valparaiso University (Valparaiso, IN)*
Vanguard University of Southern California (Costa Mesa, CA)*
Vassar College (Poughkeepsie, NY)*
Virginia Commonwealth University (Richmond, VA)*
Virginia Military Institute (Lexington, VA)*
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Blacksburg, VA)*
Virginia State University (Petersburg, VA)*
Virginia Wesleyan University (Virginia Beach, VA)*
Viterbo University (La Crosse, WI)*
Wabash College (Crawfordsville, IN)*
Wagner College (Staten Island, NY)*
Walla Walla University (College Place, WA)*
Walsh University (North Canton, OH)*
Warner Pacific University (Portland, OR)
Warren Wilson College (Swannanoa, NC)*
Washburn University (Topeka, KS)*
Washington Adventist University (Takoma Park, MD)*
Washington State University (Pullman, WA)*
Washington and Lee University (Lexington, VA)*
Wayland Baptist University (Plainview, TX)*
Wayne State College (Wayne, NE)*
Webber International University (Babson Park, FL)*
Weber State University (Ogden, UT)*
Wentworth Institute of Technology (Boston, MA)
Wesleyan College, Macon, Georgia (Macon, GA)*
West Chester University of Pennsylvania (West Chester, PA)*
West Texas A&M University (Canyon, TX)*
West Virginia Wesleyan College (Buckhannon, WV)*
Western Carolina University (Cullowhee, NC)*
Western Colorado University (Gunnison, CO)*
Western Connecticut State University (Danbury, CT)*
Western Governors University (Salt Lake City, UT)*
Western Illinois University (Macomb, IL)*
Western International University (Phoenix, AZ)*
Western Michigan University (Kalamazoo, MI)*
Western New Mexico University (Silver City, NM)*
Western Oregon University (Monmouth, OR)*
Western Washington University (Bellingham, WA)*
Westminster College (Fulton, MO)*
Westminster College (New Wilmington, PA)*
Westmont College (Santa Barbara, CA)*
Wheaton College (Norton, MA)*
Wheaton College (Wheaton, IL)*
Wheelock College (Boston, MA)*
Whitman College (Walla Walla, WA)*
Whittier College (Whittier, CA)
Whitworth University (Spokane, WA)*
Wichita State University (Wichita, KS)*
Widener University (Chester, PA)*
Wiley College (Marshall, TX)*
Willamette University (Salem, OR)*
William Carey University (Hattiesburg, MS)*
William Jessup University (Rocklin, CA)*
William Jewell College (Liberty, MO)*
William Paterson University of New Jersey (Wayne, NJ)*
William Peace University (Raleigh, NC)*
William Woods University (Fulton, MO)*
Wilson College (Chambersburg, PA)
Wingate University (Wingate, NC)*
Winona State University (Winona, MN)*
Winston-Salem State University (Winston-Salem, NC)*
Winthrop University (Rock Hill, SC)*
Wisconsin Lutheran College (Milwaukee, WI)*
Wofford College (Spartanburg, SC)*
Woodbury University (Burbank, CA)
Worcester State University (Worcester, MA)
Wright State University (Dayton, OH)*
Xavier University (Cincinnati, OH)*
York College of Pennsylvania (York, PA)*
Youngstown State University (Youngstown, OH)*

Comparison Group 1: Southwest Public